Mass Confusion Over Hours of Service Rules

Alex Rose

The new hours of service rules were already causing confusion and anger in the industry before last week’s Congressional intervention. Since then, there has been a great deal of uncertainty as to which rules are in place and which have been taken down. Below is your definitive guide to the complete hours of service regulations:

11 Hours Driving Time. Property-carrying motor carriers can drive 11 hours during  a day.  Passenger carriers, can only drive 10 hours a day.

14 Hours On-Duty Time. You can be on duty (including driving, waiting, loading, inspections, etc.) for 14 hours during a day. Passenger carriers can stay on duty for 15 hours. On duty-time no longer includes any time resting in a parked CMV. In a moving, property-carrying CMV, on-duty time does not include up to 2 hours in passenger seat immediately before or after 8 consecutive hours in sleeper-berth. This provision also applies to passenger-carrying drivers.

10 Hours Off-Duty Time. You must take 10 hours off duty between each 14 hour on duty period. Passenger carriers only need to take 8 hours off duty.

60/70-Hour Limit. You may only work 60 hours in a 7 day period or 70 hours in an 8 day period. Once you reach that limit you need to take 34 consecutive hours off duty.

30 Minute Break. You must take a 30 minute break once you have been on duty for 8 hours. (Short haul drivers are exempt from this)

34 Hour Restart. You can reset your hours of service by taking 34 consecutive hours off duty.

Oilfield Exemption. “Waiting time” for certain drivers at oilfields must be shown on logbook or electronic equivalent as off duty and identified by annotations in “remarks” or a separate line added to “grid.”

Penalties. Driving (or allowing a driver to drive) 3 or more hours beyond the driving-time limit will be considered an egregious violation and subject to the maximum civil penalties. This provision also applies to passenger-carrying drivers.

14 thoughts on “Mass Confusion Over Hours of Service Rules”

    1. They all do if you are engaged in interstate (or international) commerce (so long as you travel more than 150 airmiles).

      Courtesy of FMCSA: “If your trade, traffic, or transportation is between a place in a state and a place outside of such state (including a place outside of the United States); between two places in a state through another state or a place outside of the United States; or between two places in a state as part of trade, traffic, or transportation originating or terminating outside the state or the United States, this is considered interstate commerce.”

  1. According to FMCSA General Freight is more important than Human Lives.Freight Haulers have to take a 10 hour break and Passengers Carriers are only required to take 8 hours,so that saying Passenger Carriers lives are not important bus drivers which are (Passenger Carriers)are only required to take 8 hour breaks….

    1. Canada has its own system, this is south of the border (or West of the border too, I suppose) only. But Canadians driving in the US need to follow these rules here.

    1. Folks using the 100 Airmile exception:
      “(e) Short-haul operations—(1) 100 air-mile radius driver. A driver is exempt from the requirements of § 395.8 if:
      (i) The driver operates within a 100 air-mile radius of the normal work reporting location;
      (ii) The driver, except a driver-salesperson, returns to the work reporting location and is released from work within 12 consecutive hours;”

      1. We all know that there are little if any short haul or sales/ driving positions that exist where the employee can complete his work in 12 consecutive hours.
        The idea that in this economy you can work 12 hours a day and keep a roof over your family’s head is rediculous. I’ve been an O/O any business owner in the transportation industry for 25 years. I’ve seen the best of times and the worst of times. And i’ve survived by getting the contracted work done ” whatever it takes “.
        I’ve always been safe and taken my responibilities to the general public serious.
        Drivers who are educated in their responibilities to the public and how it is such an important part of their career are what makes the roads safe. Not mountains of regulations that many of us just flat ignore.

    1. Yes you can. Per FMCSA: “Drivers using the sleeper berth provision must take at least 8 consecutive hours in the sleeper berth, plus a separate 2 consecutive hours either in the sleeper berth, off duty, or any combination of the two.”

    1. Hi Cliff, As long as you’re getting the required 10 hours of off-duty time between shifts, and not exceeding the weekly limit, then yes, you could work 7 days a week

  2. My work days are Tuesday through Saturday sometimes I work Monday through Saturday which is 6 days if I get one day off which would be Sunday I need a 34-hour reset what time can I start my next work day

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